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The return of the International Crown: Everything you need to know about the LPGA's unique team match-play event

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After a five-year hiatus, the Internatioal Crown will be played for the fourth time. Past champions include Spain (2014, top left), the United States (2016, top right) and South Korea (2018, lower left).

The Hanwha LifePlus International Crown makes its return to the LPGA Tour this week, five years after the last (and what some feared would be the final) playing. The four-day team match-play event, being held for the first time at TPC Harding Park in San Francisco, pits multiple countries against each other in a tournament format unlike what you’ll find in the Ryder Cup or Solheim Cup … or any other in professional golf.

Think World Cup soccer meets match play.

Given this event's quirks and notable format changes come the final day of play, we offer this primer to get you up to speed on everything you’ll see this week in California.

How did the International Crown come about?

On Jan. 28, 2013, the LPGA announced the debut of a second women’s team event, joining the Solheim Cup, to showcase the worldwide strength of its talent (the Solheim Cup included only the U.S. and European countries). Then commissioner Mike Whan summarized the tournament’s aim—and why “Crown” is part of the event’s name.

“At the LPGA, we celebrate great players from all over the world on a weekly basis, but this is the first time we’ll pit country versus country for global bragging rights,” Whan said. “The International Crown will take women’s golf to the next level and allow fans to rally behind their homelands. In sports, there is simply nothing greater than wearing your nation’s flag, fans singing your national anthem, and bringing ‘the crown’ home.”

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Scott Halleran

How many times has the International Crown been played?

This is the fourth playing of the event, the three previous coming in 2014, 2016 and 2018. The 2020 edition was set to be held in Centurion Club in England but was canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It was never rescheduled, but Hanwha came in as a title sponsor to help revive the event for 2023.

Who have been the previous winners?

Spain won the inaugural event in 2014 at Caves Valley Golf Club in Owings Mills, Md. The U.S. was victorious in 2016 at the Merit Club outside Chicago, while South Korea won in 2018 at Jack Nicklaus Golf Club in Incheon, South Korea.

How many countries are in the event?

Eight countries compete this week. Here they are, in order of seeding: United States, South Korea, Japan, Sweden, England, Thailand, Australia, China.

How many players are on each team?

Four. Invitations went out to the top four players from each country off the Rolex Women’s Rankings. Then alternates were invited if players declined their spots. The Rolex Rankings also determined the replacements.

How were the teams decided?

At the conclusion of last year’s CME Tour Championship in November, the tour used the combined Rolex Women's World Rankings positions of the top four players from each country that day to determine the eight countries that would compete.

How were the players and seedings finalized?

The LPGA used the Rolex Women’s Rankings following the DIO Implant LA Open on April 3, to finalize the players and seedings. Seedings used the top four players from the Rolex Rankings, regardless of whether or not they accepted an invite.

OK, now I know the seedings. So how do they get used?

They're split into two pools: seedings 1, 4, 5, and 8 form Pool A, while seedings 2, 3, 6, and 7 form Pool B.

For this year’s Crown, they are the following:

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Jared C. Tilton

Pool A

United States: Nelly Korda, Lexi Thompson, Lilia Vu, Danielle Kang

Sweden: Maja Stark, Madelene Sagstrom, Anna Nordqvist, Caroline Hedwall

England: Jodi Ewart Shadoff, Bronte Law, Alice Hewson, Liz Young

China: Xiyu Lin, Ruoning Yin, Yu Liu, Ruixin Liu

Pool B

South Korea: Jin Young Ko, Hyo-Joo Kim, In Gee Chun, Hye Jin Choi

Japan: Nasa Hataoka, Ayaka Furue, Yuka Saso, Hinako Shibuno

Thailand: Atthaya Thitikul, Patty Tavatanakit, Moriya Jutanugarn, Ariya Jutanugarn

Australia: Minjee Lee, Hannah Green, Stephanie Kyriacou, Sarah Kemp

Did any notable players this season miss out on the event?

Yes. Australia’s Grace Kim, the winner of this year's LOTTE Championship, was No. 176 in the rankings the day the teams were finalized. It was two spots behind Sarah Kemp, who took the final position for the Aussies. If the teams got selected as of this week's rankings, Kim would be in the third spot on the team.

Linn Grant, 24th in the Rolex Women’s Rankings and the top player from Sweden, remained unable to travel to the United States due to its international COVID-19 travel vaccine requirements. Caroline Hedwall replaced her.

And on Monday, the LPGA announced that England’s Georgia Hall and Charley Hull, both ranked inside the top 20 in the Rolex Women’s Ranking, had withdrawn from the event due to injury/illness.

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Stacy Revere

Wait and what about Lydia Ko or Brooke Henderson? Why aren’t they playing?

Sadly for the Rolex Women’s Rankings No. 2 and No. 8, respectively, they didn’t have enough successful fellow Kiwis and Canadians to allow their countries to be among the top eight when teams were decided.

Ko is unlikely to see that change soon. The next highest ranked player from New Zealand is Momoka Koboi at 185th. However, Henderson has a better opportunity with countrywoman Maddie Szeryk marching up the rankings to No. 204 after impressive T-7 at the LPGA Drive On Championship and T-18 at the Chevron Championship. Maude-Aimee Leblanc (129) sits close to Szeryk in the rankings as well.

How does pool play work?

From Thursday through Saturday, teams will play four-ball round-robin within their pools. For example, Thursday, the U.S. will have two matches against China (8). Friday, they'll have two against England (5), and Saturday, they'll have their final two against Sweden (4). Each match is worth a point, with a tie worth a half point.

How are the players in each match determined?

For Thursday's opening round, teams will fill out a piece of paper with who they want in each of their two matches Tuesday and give it to the LPGA. Following play each day, teams will have 30 minutes after returning to the clubhouse to fill their sheets for the matches the next day. On Sunday, following the conclusion of the semifinals, they'll have 15 minutes to fill out the paperwork to decide the lineup for the championship and consolation match.

How many teams advance out of pool play?

Four. The two teams with the most points from each pool will advance to Sunday morning's semifinals. It's a change from previous versions of Crown, where a wild-card match between third-place teams in pool play determined the fifth and final team to advance out of pool play.

So what happens with the final four teams out of pool play?

There's now a semifinal and final match on a revamped final day. Pool A's winner will play the runner-up of Pool B, and vice versa, in three matches in the morning. There are two singles matches and one four-ball match. The first team to get to two points wins their team matchup, with all matches extend to extra holes if they’re tied after 18.

The winner of each goes on to the finals in the afternoon. The losers play a consolation match.

What’s different with Sunday this go around versus the previous three Crowns?

The last three editions featured a Sunday single-match slugfest. The final five teams were reseeded, and every team had one 1-1 match against another.

However, the previous rules included accumulating all points from the week's four-ball matches into the final day.

So, in 2018 (when two points were awarded for a win and one for a tie), South Korea led with 10 points. Team Thailand, in fifth, had five points. A perfect day would bring them to 13, an immense gap to cover with so many teams in front of them. South Korea secured the victory with 15 points.

What is the purse for the International Crown, and how much does each winning team member get?

Total purse is $2 million. Here's the breakdown of the prize money payout for each team/player:

Winner: $500,000/$125,000 per player

Second: $330,000/$75,900

Third: $280,000/$64,400

Fourth: $240,000/$55,200

Fifth: $185,000/$42,550

Sixth: $170,000/$39,100

Seventh: $155,000/$35,650

Eighth: $140,000/$32,200

How many teams have played in all four Crowns?

Five: the U.S, Thailand, South Korea, Japan, and Australia. No country is making its debut this week.

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Daniel Pockett

How many players have played in all four Crowns?

Four: Lexi Thompson (U.S.), Ariya Jutanugarn and Moriya Jutanugarn (Thailand), and Minjee Lee (Australia).

Has an amateur ever played in International Crown?

Yes. Minjee Lee in 2014 was an amateur ranked No. 78 in the world, good for the second spot on team Australia.