My Favorite Shots to Save Par\nFrom just off the fringe, with the green running downhill, you need a shot that lands softly, checks up and releases. Using my 60-degree wedge, I open the face slightly and play the ball off the outside of my right foot (bottom photo). Playing it back guarantees a descending blow for solid contact, and the open face adds loft and spin. The swing is a simple arm motion back and through—no wrist hinge. Land it on the green, and it'll grab on the second bounce and creep down to the hole.\nI learned this shot from Phil Mickelson. It's perfect for getting to a tight pin without taking as much risk as you do with a long, wristy lob. I play the ball just forward of center (bottom photo), with my hands even with the ball. I lay open the face of my 60-degree, then swing halfway back, keeping my wrists pretty firm. Coming down, I think about cutting the legs out from under the ball with a shallow, skimming strike. With less wrist hinge than the full-swing lob, it's easier to control distance.\nWhen you're chipping to a back pin, you need a shot that doesn't check up. I think of this as a little hook shot—a more rounded swing where the clubface rotates over through impact. I use my 54-degree and set the ball off my right instep. I also toe in the clubface at address (bottom photo), which helps me put right-to-left spin on the ball for a hotter roll. The swing is a little more inside going back, and then in to out through impact, with the face turning over.\nWith the ball on an upslope in the sand, I use my 60-degree unless the flag is across the green, then I might go to my 54 or pitching wedge. I play the ball off my left heel (bottom photo)and set 70 percent of my weight on my left foot. From there, I make a half-swing back and through, swinging the club up the slope, not into it. You have to make a full wrist hinge to create speed. Amateurs don't swing hard enough in bunkers: Pound the sand and accelerate through.