Best in State
May 30, 2019

BEST IN STATE

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Photo by Channing Benjamin

Golf Digest has been publishing a Best in State ranking every other year since 1977, making this the 22nd edition. Deploying our trained panel of more than 1,700 low-handicap golfers to continually assess the courses of this nation is a mission whose main obstacle is daylight. “Indeed, most courses ranked in any state are legitimate America's 100 Greatest contenders, merely lacking a sufficient number of evaluations to merit consideration,” says Ron Whitten, our senior editor of architecture. It takes 25 evaluations accumulated over a 10-year period to qualify for a state ranking, versus 60 evaluations to be considered for our 100 Greatest.

Taking this long view guards against dramatic changes, but Whitten notes three new shake-ups at the premier spots. “In Colorado, Ballyneal moves ahead of Castle Pines; in Louisiana, Squire Creek squeaks by Country Club of Louisiana; and in Wyoming, Shooting Star shoots ahead of Snake River Sporting Club.” Architect Tom Fazio has original designs at the top of 10 states, and Tom Doak, Pete Dye, Alister MacKenzie and Jack Nicklaus have three each.

In addition to the rankings, we're celebrating all 50 members of our union with a research project. For each state, we've cited a fact about its contribution to golf history, and we've boldly named the “best active player.” Obviously, “best” and “active” are terms as volatile as they are subjective—especially when lumping together men, women, pros and amateurs—but that's what makes this sort of debate fun. The lengthier the list of career achievements, so it often goes, the more limited the current playing schedule, and so where to draw that line? For instance, we gave the nod to two-time major champ Stacy Lewis over Jack Nicklaus in Ohio, although the Golden Bear is unquestionably the Buckeye State's greatest ever. Generally, we deferred to a senior with a more impressive record provided that golfer is sincerely still chasing it, like Hale Irwin, 74, of Colorado, who made eight starts on the PGA Tour Champions last year. Our other bias was domination. A golfer whose shelves are buckling from state-amateur trophies trumps a journeyman touring pro, even if we'd rather have the latter as a four-ball partner.

Because as much as we're riveted by the golf we see on TV, we know it's the game at the state and local level that really connects us all.

BEST IN STATE Golf Digest 2019-2020

KEY (2017-'18 ranking in parentheses) America's 100 Greatest Course America's Second 100 Greatest Course ^ Public course NR Not rated in 2017-'18

ALABAMA

FACT The Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail includes 468 holes at 11 sites. This project came late in the architect's life, long after he invented his middle name to distinguish himself from the great am, Robert Tyre Jones.

BEST ACTIVE PLAYER Born in Huntsville, Stewart Cink won the 2009 Open Championship over then-59-year-old Tom Watson and has bronzes in the other three majors.

1 (1) SHOAL CREEK

2 (2) C.C. OF BIRMINGHAM (WEST)

3 (3) THE LEDGES C.C. Huntsville

4 (4) TURTLE POINT YACHT & C.C. Killen

5 (8) OLD OVERTON CLUB Vestavia Hills

6 (6) ROBERT TRENT JONES GOLF TRAIL AT CAPITOL HILL (JUDGE) Prattville ^

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Photo by Gary W. Kellner

ALASKA

FACT During June's midnight sun, several courses are open 24 hours a day.

BEST ACTIVE Greg Sanders won his sixth state am last summer and serves as rules chairman for the state golf association.

1 (1) ANCHORAGE G. CSE. ^

2 (2) MOOSE RUN G. CSE. (CREEK) Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson ^

ARIZONA

FACT Remember Roy McAvoy breaking all his clubs, save the 7-iron? That and other “Tin Cup” scenes were filmed at Tubac Golf Resort.

BEST ACTIVE Five-time tour winner Billy Mayfair topped Tiger Woods in a playoff in the 1998 L.A. Open.

1 (1) THE ESTANCIA CLUB Scottsdale

2 (2) FOREST HIGHLANDS G.C. (CANYON) Flagstaff

3 (4) WHISPER ROCK G.C. (UPPER) Scottsdale

4 (3) THE STONE CANYON CLUB Oro Valley

5 (5) WHISPER ROCK G.C. (LOWER) Scottsdale

6 (6) PINE CANYON CLUB Flagstaff

7 (7) DESERT HIGHLANDS G.C. Scottsdale

8 (8) FOREST HIGHLANDS G.C. (MEADOW) Flagstaff

9 (9) DESERT FOREST G.C. Carefree

10 (10) DESERT MOUNTAIN CLUB (CHIRICAHUA) Scottsdale

11 (12) THE RIM G.C. Payson

12 (11) SILVERLEAF CLUB North Scottsdale

13 (20) THE G.C. AT CHAPARRAL PINES Payson

14 (14) SCOTTSDALE NATIONAL G.C. (MINESHAFT)

15 (15) QUINTERO G.C. Peoria ^

16 (13) DESERT MOUNTAIN CLUB (GERONIMO) Scottsdale

17 (18) TROON C.C. Scottsdale

18 (16) MIRABEL G.C. Scottsdale

19 (17) DESERT MOUNTAIN CLUB (RENEGADE) Scottsdale

20 (nr) FLAGSTAFF RANCH

ARKANSAS

FACT The Alotian Club gets its name from the America's Lights Out Tour golf trips that have included club founder Warren Stephens, son of the former Masters chairman. BEST ACTIVE A farmer of rice, beans, corn and catfish, as well as a Little League coach, Wes McNulty has won 11 state ams.

1 (1) THE ALOTIAN CLUB Roland

2 (2) BLESSINGS G.C. Fayetteville

3 (3) DIAMANTE G.C. Hot Springs Village

4 (4) THE C.C. OF LITTLE ROCK

5 (10) PLEASANT VALLEY C.C. (CHAMPIONSHIP) Little Rock

CALIFORNIA

FACT The PGA Tour will visit the state six times in the 2018-'19 season. BEST ACTIVE His swing formed on the Navy Golf Course in Orange County, Tiger Woods is chasing an Ohioan in career major-championship wins.

1 (1) CYPRESS POINT CLUB Pebble Beach

2 (2) PEBBLE BEACH G. LINKS ^

3 (3) LOS ANGELES C.C. (NORTH)

4 (4) RIVIERA C.C. Pacific Palisades

5 (5) THE OLYMPIC CLUB (LAKE) San Francisco

6 (6) SAN FRANCISCO G.C.

7 (7) SPYGLASS HILL G. CSE. Pebble Beach ^

8 (8) MONTEREY PENINSULA C.C. (SHORE) Pebble Beach

9 (10) THE QUARRY AT LA QUINTA

10 (nr) MONTEREY PENINSULA Pebble Beach

11 (9) THE VALLEY C. OF MONTECITO

12 (11) THE PRESERVE G.C. Carmel

13 (12) MAYACAMA G.C. Santa Rosa

14 (13) PASATIEMPO G.C. Santa Cruz ^

15 (16) CALIFORNIA G.C. OF SAN FRANCISCO South San Francisco

16 (14) STONE EAGLE G.C. Palm Desert

17 (15) THE MADISON CLUB La Quinta

18 (18) MARTIS CAMP G.C. Truckee

19 (17) THE BRIDGES AT RANCHO SANTA FE

20 (19) BEL-AIR C.C. Los Angeles

21 (21) TRADITION G.C. La Quinta

22 (23) BIGHORN G.C. (MOUNTAINS) Palm Desert

23 (22) TORREY PINES G. CSE. (SOUTH) La Jolla ^

24 (24) THE VINTAGE CLUB (MOUNTAIN) Indian Wells

25 (20) SHERWOOD C.C. Thousand Oaks

COLORADO

FACT Jack Nicklaus, Juli Inkster and Annika Sorenstam each won a USGA championship at The Broadmoor early in their careers.

BEST ACTIVE The oldest U.S. Open champ at age 45, Hale Irwin, now 74, still competes on the PGA Tour Champions, where he holds the record for most wins with 45.

1 (2) BALLYNEAL G.C. Holyoke

2 (1) CASTLE PINES G.C. Castle Rock

3 (3) CHERRY HILLS C.C. Cherry Hills Village

4 (4) COLORADO G.C. Parker

5 (5) SANCTUARY Sedalia

6 (6) THE BROADMOOR G.C. (EAST) Colorado Springs ^

7 (7) MAROON CREEK CLUB Aspen

8 (9) RED SKY RANCH & G.C. (FAZIO) Wolcott ^

9 (8) ROARING FORK CLUB Basalt

10 (10) RED SKY RANCH & G.C. (NORMAN) Wolcott ^

CONNECTICUT

FACT Players from the Constitution State, including Hall of Famers Gene Sarazen, Julius Boros, Glenna Collett Vare and Doug Ford, have won 21 national championships.

BEST ACTIVE In 2018, Ben Conroy made a clean sweep, winning the state am, mid-am, four-ball and father/son events.

1 (1) THE STANWICH CLUB Greenwich

2 (2) C.C. OF FAIRFIELD

3 (3) THE COURSE AT YALE New Haven

4 (4) WEE BURN C.C. Darien

5 (5) TAMARACK C.C. Greenwich

DELAWARE

FACT From Wilmington, Ed (Porky) Oliver was a popular player who won eight times on the PGA Tour in the 1940s and '50s.

BEST ACTIVE Phoebe Brinker bested all the boys in the 2016 state high school championship, won the 2017 women's state am and is committed to Duke in 2020.

1 (1) WILMINGTON C.C. (SOUTH)

2 (5) BAYWOOD GREENS G.C. Long Neck ^

3 (2) BAYSIDE RESORT G.C. Selbyville ^

4 (4) WILMINGTON C.C. (NORTH)

5 (3) THE PENINSULA Millsboro

FLORIDA

FACT The Florida State Golf Association is the largest in the U.S. with almost 300,000 members.

BEST ACTIVE Three-time major winner Brooks Koepka is from West Palm Beach and was a three-time All-American at Florida State.

1 (1) SEMINOLE G.C. Juno Beach

2 (2) TPC SAWGRASS (PLAYERS STADIUM) Ponte Vedra Beach ^

3 (3) CALUSA PINES G.C. Naples

4 (4) STREAMSONG (RED) ^

5 (6) JUPITER HILLS CLUB (HILLS) Tequesta

6 (7) THE CONCESSION G.C. Bradenton

7 (5) STREAMSONG (BLUE) ≍ ^

8 (8) THE BEAR'S CLUB Jupiter

9 (nr) STREAMSONG ^

10 (12) MOUNTAIN LAKE CLUB Lake Wales

11 (9) TRUMP INTERNATIONAL G.C. (CHAMPIONSHIP) West Palm Beach

12 (13) BLACK DIAMOND RANCH (QUARRY) Lecanto

13 (14) MCARTHUR G.C. Hobe Sound

14 (15) PABLO CREEK CLUB Jacksonville

15 (11) MEDALIST G.C. Hobe Sound

16 (16) PINE TREE G.C. Boynton Beach

17 (10) OLD MEMORIAL G.C. Tampa

18 (17) LOBLOLLY G.C. Hobe Sound

19 (22) JOHN'S ISLAND CLUB (WEST) Sebastian

20 (19) NAPLES NATIONAL G.C.

21 (18) FLORIDIAN NATIONAL G.C. Palm City

22 (20) ISLEWORTH G. & C.C. Windermere

23 (23) THE DYE PRESERVE G.C. Jupiter

24 (24) TRUMP NATIONAL DORAL MIAMI (BLUE MONSTER) Doral ^

25 (30) OLD MARSH G.C. Palm Beach Gardens

GEORGIA

FACT Bobby Jones won the inaugural Georgia Amateur Championship at 14.

BEST ACTIVE Two-time state mid-am champ and Augusta National member Jeff Knox is famous for playing as a marker in the Masters when the field is cut to an uneven number.

1 (1) AUGUSTA NATIONAL G.C.

2 (2) PEACHTREE G.C. Atlanta

3 (3) EAST LAKE G.C. Atlanta

4 (4) ATLANTA ATHLETIC C. (HIGHLANDS) Johns Creek

5 (5) OCEAN FOREST G.C. Sea Island

6 (6) SEA ISLAND G.C. (SEASIDE) St. Simons Island ^

7 (7) ATLANTA C.C. Marietta

8 (8) HAWKS RIDGE G.C. Ball Ground

9 (9) ATLANTA ATHLETIC CLUB (RIVERSIDE) Johns Creek

10 (10) ANSLEY G.C. (SETTINDOWN CREEK) Roswell

HAWAII

FACT The game found the islands early— Moanalua Golf Club was founded in 1898.

BEST ACTIVE 2014 U.S. Women's Open champ Michelle Wie was five shots away from qualifying for the men's edition in 2006.

1 (1) NANEA G.C. Kailua-Kona

2 (3) KAPALUA (PLANTATION) Maui ^

3 (4) KUKI'O G. & BEACH CLUB Kailua-Kona

4 (7) MAUNA KEA G. CSE. Kohala Coast ^

5 (5) THE CLUB AT HOKULI'A Kealakekua

6 (6) MANELE G. CSE. Lanai City, Lanai ^

7 (8) KOHANAIKI GOLF & OCEAN CLUB Kailua-Kona

8 (9) THE CLUB AT KUKUI'ULA Koloa, Kauai

9 (nr) MAKENA G. AND BEACH CLUB Wailea

10 (10) MAKAI G.C. Princeville, Kauai ^

IDAHO

FACT The floating 14th green at Coeur d'Alene requires an electric boat ride.

BEST ACTIVE The long and short of it: Robert Garrigus led the PGA Tour in driving in 2009 and 2010 but used a 28.5-inch putter in 2012.

1 (1) GOZZER RANCH G. & LAKE CLUB Harrison

2 (2) THE G.C. AT BLACK ROCK Coeur d'Alene

3 (3) HUNTSMAN SPRINGS G.C. Driggs

4 (4) THE CLUB AT ROCK CREEK Coeur d'Alene

5 (5) HEADWATERS CLUB AT TETON SPRINGS Victor ^

ILLINOIS

FACT The Evans Scholars Foundation, in the village of Golf, has provided college scholarships to more than 10,000 caddies.

BEST ACTIVE Winfield's Kevin Streelman set a PGA Tour record in 2014 when he closed with seven straight birdies to win.

1 (1) CHICAGO G.C. Wheaton

2 (2) BUTLER NATIONAL G.C. Oak Brook

3 (3) MEDINAH C.C. (NO. 3)

4 (5) SHOREACRES Lake Bluff

5 (4) CANYATA G.C. Marshall

6 (6) OLYMPIA FIELDS C.C. (NORTH)

7 (7) RICH HARVEST LINKS Sugar Grove

8 (nr) OLD ELM CLUB Highland Park

9 (9) SKOKIE C.C. Glencoe

10 (8) CONWAY FARMS G.C. Lake Forest

11 (10) OLYMPIA FIELDS C.C. (SOUTH)

12 (12) COG HILL G. & C.C. (NO. 4) Lemont ^

13 (11) BEVERLY C.C. Chicago

14 (13) MEDINAH C.C. (NO. 1)

15 (22) BUTTERFIELD C.C. (WHITE/BLUE) Oak Brook

INDIANA

FACT Life-insurance salesman Pete Dye won the 1958 state am before changing careers.

BEST ACTIVE Raised in Avon, Patrick Rodgers won 11 times at Stanford University to equal the career record set there by Tiger Woods.

1 (1) VICTORIA NATIONAL G.C. Newburgh

2 (2) CROOKED STICK G.C. Carmel

3 (3) THE PETE DYE CSE. AT FRENCH LICK ≍ ^

4 (4) SYCAMORE HILLS G.C. Fort Wayne

5 (6) THE DONALD ROSS CSE. AT FRENCH LICK ^

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Photo by Jon Cavalier

IOWA

FACT Has the most nine-hole courses of any state (254).

BEST ACTIVE Zach Johnson won at Augusta National and the Old Course.

1 (1) THE HARVESTER G.C. Rhodes

2 (6) CEDAR RAPIDS C.C.

3 (9) DAVENPORT C.C. Pleasant Valley

4 (3) DES MOINES G. & C.C. (SOUTH) West Des Moines

5 (2) DES MOINES G. & C.C. (NORTH) West Des Moines

KANSAS

FACT The first female president of the USGA, Judy Bell, was born in Wichita. BEST ACTIVE Three-time PGA Tour winner Gary Woodland attended Washburn University on a basketball scholarship before transferring to the University of Kansas to play golf.

1 (1) PRAIRIE DUNES C.C. Hutchinson

2 (2) FLINT HILLS NATIONAL G.C. Andover

3 (3) SHADOW GLEN G.C. Olathe

4 (4) HALLBROOK C.C. Leawood

5 (6) KANSAS CITY C.C. Mission Hills

6 (5) WOLF CREEK G. LINKS Olathe

7 (8) MILBURN C.C. Overland Park

8 (7) FIREKEEPER G. CSE. Mayetta ^

9 (nr) MISSION HILLS C.C.

10 (9) COLBERT HILLS G.C. Manhattan ^

KENTUCKY

FACT Louisville Golf's peak production was once over 800 persimmon heads per day. BEST ACTIVE 2017 PGA Championship winner Justin Thomas also shot the only nine-under-par round in U.S. Open history.

1 (1) VALHALLA G.C. Louisville

2 (2) THE CLUB AT OLDE STONE Bowling Green

3 (3) HURSTBOURNE C.C. (CHAMPIONSHIP) Louisville

4 (7) UNIVERSITY OF LOUISVILLE G.C. Simpsonville

5 (8) KEENE TRACE G.C. (champion trace) Nicholasville

LOUISIANA

FACT Cajun brothers born in St. Martinville, Lionel and Jay Hebert, each won the PGA Championship (1957 and 1960, respectively). BEST ACTIVE David Toms won 13 PGA Tour events, including a major, and spent 175 weeks ranked in the top 10 in the world.

1 (2) SQUIRE CREEK C.C. Choudrant

2 (1) THE C.C. OF LOUISIANA Baton Rouge

3 (3) OAKBOURNE C.C. Lafayette

4 (5) KOASATI PINES G.C. Kinder ^

5 (6) TPC LOUISIANA Avondale ^

MAINE

FACT Built during prohibition, the Aroostook Valley Country Club golf shop is on American soil, but the course, and most important, the 19th hole, are on the Canadian side of the border. BEST ACTIVE Thirteen-time state am champ Mark Plummer (and his stunning mustache) took Tiger Woods to the last hole in their semifinal match at the 1995 U.S. Am.

1 (1) BELGRADE LAKES G.C. ^

2 (3) SUNDAY RIVER G.C. Newry ^

3 (8) BOOTHBAY HARBOR C.C. ^

4 (2) SUGARLOAF G.C. Carrabassett Valley ^

5 (4) KEBO VALLEY CLUB Bar Harbor ^

MARYLAND

FACT Born in Washington, D.C., and a two-time All-American at the University of Maryland, Deane Beman served as PGA Tour commissioner from 1974-'94. BEST ACTIVE The oldest winner in Players Championship history, Fred Funk (48), also has nine wins on the PGA Tour Champions.

1 (1) CONGRESSIONAL C.C. (BLUE) Bethesda

2 (2) BALTIMORE C.C. (EAST) Lutherville

3 (3) CAVES VALLEY G.C. Owings Mills

4 (7) BURNING TREE CLUB Bethesda

5 (5) CONGRESSIONAL C.C. (GOLD) Bethesda

MASSACHUSETTS

FACT 1935 state-am champ Edward Stimpson invented the device to measure green speeds, now known as a Stimpmeter. BEST ACTIVE Two-time state Player of the Decade Frank Vana Jr. has 10 state mid-am victories and earned his first state senior am title last year at 56.

1 (1) THE COUNTRY CLUB (CLYDE/SQUIRREL) Chestnut Hill

2 (2) OLD SANDWICH G.C. Plymouth

3 (6) ESSEX COUNTY CLUB Manchester

4 (5) MYOPIA HUNT CLUB South Hamilton

5 (3) KITTANSETT CLUB Marion

6 (4) BOSTON G.C. Hingham •

7 (7) EASTWARD C.C. Chatham

8 (9) SALEM C.C. Peabody

9 (14) TACONIC G.C. Williamstown

10 (13) SANKATY HEAD G.C. Siasconset

MICHIGAN

FACT The Loop Course at Forest Dunes is reversible. The clockwise Black course is ranked 45th on Golf Digest's 100 Greatest Public Courses, and the counterclockwise Red is 47th. BEST ACTIVE Winner of the 2009 U.S. Women's Amateur and Public Links, native Jennifer Song also has South Korean citizenship.

1 (1) CRYSTAL DOWNS C.C. Frankfort

2 (2) OAKLAND HILLS C.C. (SOUTH) Bloomfield Hills

3 (3) ARCADIA BLUFFS G.C. (BLUFFS) ^

4 (4) KINGSLEY CLUB

5 (5) FOREST DUNES G.C. Roscommon ^

6 (6) LOST DUNES G.C. Bridgman

7 (7) TRUE NORTH G.C. Harbor Springs

8 (nr) THE LOOP(BLACK) Roscommon ^

9 (9) POINT O'WOODS G. & C.C. Benton Harbor

10 (nr) THE LOOP(RED) Roscommon ^

MINNESOTA

FACT In 1921, F. Scott Fitzgerald rented a room at White Bear Yacht Club to relax, play golf and write. But he and wife Zelda were said to fight and drink, and they were tossed. BEST ACTIVE Former World No. 1 Tom Lehman won Player of the Year on three tours (Web.com, PGA and Champions).

1 (1) INTERLACHEN C.C. Edina

2 (2) SPRING HILL G.C. Wayzata

3 (3) HAZELTINE NATIONAL G.C. Chaska

4 (4) THE QUARRY AT GIANTS RIDGE Biwabik ^

5 (5) WHITE BEAR YACHT CLUB

White Bear Lake

MISSISSIPPI

FACT Born in Port Gibson, Pete Brown was the first African American to win a PGA Tour event, in 1964. He won $2,700. BEST ACTIVE Cissye Gallagher won 12 state ams across four decades, the last coming in 2015, when she beat her daughter in the second round.

1 (1) FALLEN OAK G.C. Saucier ^

2 (3) ANNANDALE G.C. Madison

3 (2) OLD WAVERLY G.C. West Point ^

4 (nr) MOSSY OAK G.C. West Point ^

5 (4) DANCING RABBIT G.C. (AZALEAS) Choctaw ^

MISSOURI

FACT The first TV golf broadcast was the 1947 U.S. Open at St. Louis Country Club. Lew Worsham beat Sam Snead, and it aired locally. BEST ACTIVE Born in Kansas City, eight-time major champion Tom Watson, now 69, continues to break his age on the PGA Tour Champions.

1 (1) BELLERIVE C.C. St. Louis

2 (3) ST. LOUIS C.C.

3 (2) BOONE VALLEY G.C. Augusta

4 (4) DALHOUSIE G.C. Cape Girardeau

5 (5) THE CLUB AT PORTO CIMA Sunrise Beach

MONTANA

FACT Has hosted only two USGA events, and they were on the same weekend in 1994: the Girls' Junior and the Men's Public Links. BEST ACTIVE Arizona State commit Ryggs Johnston won four high school state titles and is the reigning men's am champion.

1 (1) ROCK CREEK CATTLE CO. Deer Lodge

2 (5) THE RESERVE AT MOONLIGHT BASIN Big Sky

3 (3) WILDERNESS CLUB Eureka ^

4 (2) THE STOCK FARM CLUB Hamilton

5 (6) IRON HORSE G.C. Whitefish

NEBRASKA

FACT A muny in Omaha is named after native Johnny Goodman, who was the last amateur to win the U.S. Open (1933). BEST ACTIVE 1989 Open Championship winner, 13-time PGA Tour winner and owner of bacon-print pants Mark Calcavecchia was born in Laurel.

1 (1) SAND HILLS G.C. Mullen

2 (2) DISMAL RIVER CLUB (RED) Mullen

3 (3) THE PRAIRIE CLUB (DUNES) Valentine ^

4 (4) OMAHA C.C.

5 (5) DISMAL RIVER CLUB (WHITE) Mullen

NEVADA

FACT Tiger Woods' first PGA Tour victory was the 1996 Las Vegas Invitational. BEST ACTIVE Years before Las Vegas native Scott Piercy earned status on the PGA Tour, he won $2 million in The Ultimate Game organized by casino owner Steve Wynn.

1 (1) SHADOW CREEK North Las Vegas ^

2 (2) clear creek tahoe

3 (3) SOUTHERN HIGHLANDS G.C. Las Vegas

4 (4) SOUTHSHORE C.C. Henderson

5 (5) WOLF CREEK G.C. Mesquite ^

NEW HAMPSHIRE

FACT 1969 LPGA Rookie of the Year Jane Blalock was born in Portsmouth. She sued the tour after being suspended for allegedly mismarking her ball. BEST ACTIVE A member of Abenaqui Country Club, Dana Harrity has won 16 of the state's Women's Golf Association events.

1 (1) BAKER HILL G.C. Newbury

2 (2) THE G.C. OF NEW ENGLAND Stratham

3 (3) LAKE WINNIPESAUKEE G.C. New Durham

4 (5) PORTSMOUTH C.C. Greenland ^

5 (4) LAKE SUNAPEE C.C. New London

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Photo by Evan Schiller

NEW JERSEY

FACT The modern wood tee, patented in 1925 under the name Reddy Tee, was invented by dentist William Lowell from Maplewood. BEST ACTIVE Born in Wayne, LPGA Tour winner Marina Alex also won the 2010 SEC Championship for Vanderbilt.

1 (1) PINE VALLEY G.C.

2 (2) BALTUSROL G.C. (LOWER) Springfield

3 (3) BALTUSROL G.C. (UPPER) Springfield

4 (4) SOMERSET HILLS C.C. Bernardsville

5 (5) PLAINFIELD C.C. Edison

6 (7) GALLOWAY NATIONAL G.C.

7 (6) RIDGEWOOD C.C. (EAST/WEST) Paramus

8 (8) BAYONNE G.C.

9 (13) TRUMP NATIONAL G.C. BEDMINSTER (OLD)

10 (11) THE RIDGE AT BACK BROOK Ringoes

11 (9) LIBERTY NATIONAL G.C. Jersey City

12 (10) MOUNTAIN RIDGE C.C. West Caldwell

13 (12) ESSEX COUNTY C.C. West Orange

14 (15) HOLLYWOOD G.C. Deal

15 (14) METEDECONK NATIONAL G.C. (1ST/3RD) Jackson

NEW MEXICO

FACT LPGA legends Kathy Whitworth and Nancy Lopez each won the state women's am, Lopez when she was just 12. BEST ACTIVE Born in Roswell, the LPGA Tour's Gerina Piller has five top 10s in majors and is married to pro Martin Piller.

1 (1) PAA-KO RIDGE G.C. (1ST/2ND) Sandia Park ^

2 (2) THE CLUB AT LAS CAMPANAS (SUNSET) Santa Fe

3 (3) THE CLUB AT LAS CAMPANAS (SUNRISE) Santa Fe

4 (4) RAINMAKERS G.C. Alto

5 (6) BLACK MESA G.C. La Mesilla ^

NEW YORK

FACT The USGA (1894) and PGA of America (1916) were both founded in New York City.

BEST ACTIVE Chris DiMarco is the all-time leader in career earnings (over $22 million) among golfers born in the Empire State.

1 (1) SHINNECOCK HILLS G.C. Southampton

2 (2) NATIONAL G. LINKS OF AMERICA Southampton

3 (4) FISHERS ISLAND CLUB

4 (3) WINGED FOOT G.C. (WEST) Mamaroneck

5 (5) FRIAR'S HEAD G.C. Baiting Hollow

6 (6) OAK HILL C.C. (EAST) Rochester

7 (7) BETHPAGE STATE PARK (BLACK) Farmingdale ^

8 (8) SEBONACK G.C. Southampton

9 (9) GARDEN CITY G.C.

10 (10) WINGED FOOT G.C. (EAST) Mamaroneck

11 (11) MAIDSTONE CLUB East Hampton

12 (12) QUAKER RIDGE G.C. Scarsdale

13 (14) HUDSON NATIONAL G.C. Croton-on-Hudson

14 (16) SLEEPY HOLLOW C.C.

Scarborough-on-Hudson

15 (13) PIPING ROCK CLUB Locust Valley

16 (18) THE CREEK Locust Valley

17 (15) ATLANTIC G.C. Bridgehampton

18 (nr) SILO RIDGE FIELD CLUB Amenia

19 (19) WESTCHESTER C.C. (WEST) Rye

20 (nr) wykagyl c.c. New Rochelle

21 (17) GLEN OAKS CLUB (WHITE/BLUE)

Old Westbury

22 (22) DEEPDALE G.C. Manhasset

23 (21) OAK HILL C.C. (WEST) Rochester

24 (23) THE BRIDGE Bridgehampton

25 (20) FENWAY G.C. Scarsdale

NORTH CAROLINA

FACT The first golf school for women was founded at Pine Needles Golf Academy by LPGA Tour charter member Peggy Kirk Bell. BEST ACTIVE Raised in Raleigh and a Wake Forest grad, Webb Simpson named his daughter Wyndham for his first PGA Tour win (Wyndham Championship), in Greensboro.

1 (1) WADE HAMPTON G.C. Cashiers

2 (2) PINEHURST RESORT (NO. 2) ^

3 (3) DIAMOND CREEK G.C. Banner Elk

4 (7) OLD TOWN CLUB Winston-Salem

5 (4) EAGLE POINT G.C. Wilmington

6 (5) MOUNTAINTOP G. & LAKE CLUB Cashiers

7 (6) QUAIL HOLLOW CLUB Charlotte

8 (8) GRANDFATHER G. & C.C. Linville

9 (10) CHARLOTTE C.C.

10 (9) FOREST CREEK G.C. (NORTH) Pinehurst

11 (13) ROARING GAP CLUB

12 (12) DORMIE CLUB West End

13 (17) TOBACCO ROAD G.C. Sanford ^

14 (15) LINVILLE RIDGE C.C.

15 (16) CHAMPION HILLS CLUB Hendersonville

NORTH DAKOTA

FACT The state has the most courses per capita despite a short season and brutal weather. BEST ACTIVE Amy Olson is chasing her first LPGA Tour win since capturing 20 collegiate events to break Juli Inkster's record of 17.

1 (1) HAWKTREE G.C. Bismarck ^

2 (2) THE LINKS OF NORTH DAKOTA Ray ^

3 (3) BULLY PULPIT G. CSE. Medora ^

4 (5) FARGO C.C.

5 (nr) KING'S WALK Grand Forks ^

OHIO

FACT Many advances in club and ball design can be attributed to work done in Akron, known as a polymer capital. BEST ACTIVE Two-time major champ Stacy Lewis, born in Toledo, made every cut in 2017 and donated her sole winner's check that year to relief efforts for Hurricane Harvey.

1 (1) MUIRFIELD VILLAGE G.C. Dublin

2 (2) THE GOLF CLUB New Albany

3 (3) CAMARGO CLUB Indian Hill

4 (4) SCIOTO C.C. Columbus

5 (6) INVERNESS CLUB Toledo

6 (5) DOUBLE EAGLE CLUB Galena

7 (7) BROOKSIDE C.C. Canton

8 (8) KIRTLAND C.C. Willoughby

9 (9) CANTERBURY G.C. Beachwood

10 (15) MORAINE C.C. Dayton

OKLAHOMA

FACT The first design by architect Perry Maxwell was four holes on his dairy farm that would become Dornick Hills Golf & Country Club. BEST ACTIVE Following his eight-time tour winner dad, Kevin Tway was an All-American at Oklahoma State and won on tour last fall.

1 (1) SOUTHERN HILLS C.C. Tulsa

2 (2) OAK TREE NATIONAL Edmond

3 (3) KARSTEN CREEK G.C. Stillwater ^

4 (4) THE PATRIOT G.C. Owasso

5 (6) TWIN HILLS G. & C.C. Oklahoma City

OREGON

FACT The men's and women's state ams have been played concurrently at the same venue every year since their inception in 1904. BEST ACTIVE In addition to his commentary on NBC, seven-time tour winner Peter Jacobsen also has two senior majors.

1 (1) PACIFIC DUNES Bandon ^

2 (2) BANDON DUNES Bandon ^

3 (3) OLD MACDONALD Bandon ^

4 (4) BANDON TRAILS Bandon ^

5 (5) EUGENE C.C. ≍

6 (6) PRONGHORN CLUB (NICKLAUS)

Bend ^

7 (7) PRONGHORN CLUB (FAZIO) Bend

8 (8) PUMPKIN RIDGE G.C. (WITCH HOLLOW) North Plains

9 (9) CROSSWATER Sunriver

10 (11) WAVERLEY C.C. Portland

PENNSYLVANIA

FACT Members of the Philadelphia School of Golf Architecture included George Crump, William Flynn, George Thomas and A.W. Tillinghast, among others. BEST ACTIVE Jim Furyk, captain of the 2018 U.S. Ryder Cup team, has a U.S. Open victory, 17 PGA Tour wins and rounds of 58 and 59 on the tour.

1 (1) OAKMONT C.C.

2 (2) MERION G.C. (EAST) Ardmore

3 (3) ARONIMINK G.C. Newtown Square

4 (5) PHILADELPHIA CRICKET CLUB (WISSAHICKON) Flourtown

5 (4) LAUREL VALLEY G.C. Ligonier

6 (6) FOX CHAPEL G.C. Pittsburgh

7 (8) STONEWALL (OLD) Elverson

8 (7) LANCASTER C.C. (MEADOW CREEK/DOGWOOD) Lancaster

9 (9) SAUCON VALLEY C.C. (WEYHILL) Bethlehem

10 (13) HUNTSVILLE G.C. Shavertown

11 (12) SAUCON VALLEY C.C. (OLD) Bethlehem

12 (10) HUNTINGDON VALLEY C.C. (TOOMEY/FLYNN)

13 (15) PHILADELPHIA C.C. (SPRING MILL) Gladwyne

14 (14) APPLEBROOK G.C. Malvern

15 (11) LEHIGH C.C. Allentown

RHODE ISLAND

FACT The inaugural U.S. Amateur and U.S. Open were played at Newport Country Club in 1895. BEST ACTIVE Silky putter and eight-time winner Brad Faxon has co-hosted the CVS Charity Classic with fellow statesman Billy Andrade since 1999, raising millions.

1 (1) NEWPORT C.C.

2 (2) WANNAMOISETT C.C. Rumford

3 (3) SHELTER HARBOR G.C. Charlestown

4 (4) THE MISQUAMICUT CLUB Watch Hill

5 (6) SAKONNET G.C. Little Compton

SOUTH CAROLINA

FACT Charleston has a claim as American golf's birthplace. A merchant received clubs and balls from Scotland in 1743.

BEST ACTIVE Raised on the courses of Myrtle Beach and educated at Coastal Carolina University, Dustin Johnson has won in each of his 12 PGA Tour seasons.

1 (1) THE OCEAN COURSE Kiawah Island ^

2 (nr) congaree Ridgeland

3 (2) YEAMANS HALL CLUB Charleston

4 (3) SAGE VALLEY G.C. Graniteville

5 (4) HARBOUR TOWN G. LINKS

Hilton Head Island ^

6 (5) KIAWAH ISLAND C. (CASSIQUE) Kiawah Island

7 (7) SECESSION G.C. Beaufort

8 (6) LONG COVE CLUB Hilton Head Island

9 (8) KIAWAH ISLAND CLUB (RIVER) ≍

10 (9) GREENVILLE C.C. (CHANTICLEER)

11 (10) MAY RIVER G.C. AT PALMETTO BLUFF Bluffton ^

12 (12) THE G.C. AT BRIAR'S CREEK Johns Island 13 (11) musgrove mill g.c. Clinton

14 (18) COLLETON RIVER CLUB (DYE) Bluffton

15 (21) CHECHESSEE CREEK CLUB Okatie

SOUTH DAKOTA

FACT Two founding members of the LPGA Tour, Alice Bauer and Marlene Bauer Hagge, were daughters of a course operator in Eureka. BEST ACTIVE A sales rep for Ping, Shannon Johnson is the 2018 U.S. Women's Mid-Am champion after making runs to the finals and semifinals in 2016 and 2017, respectively.

1 (1) SUTTON BAY G. CSE. Agar

2 (4) MINNEHAHA C.C. Sioux Falls

3 (3) DAKOTA DUNES C.C.

4 (2) THE G.C. AT RED ROCK Rapid City ^

5 (nr) ELKHORN RIDGE Spearfish ^

TENNESSEE

FACT Al Geiberger shot the first 59 on the PGA Tour, at the Memphis Classic in 1977. BEST ACTIVE A Nashville native and Vanderbilt grad, Brandt Snedeker has nine PGA Tour titles and a FedEx Cup.

1 (1) THE HONORS COURSE Ooltewah

2 (3) THE G.C. OF TENNESSEE

Kingston Springs

3 (2) SPRING CREEK RANCH G.C.

Collierville

4 (4) HOLSTON HILLS C.C. Knoxville

5 (9) BELLE MEADE C.C. Nashville

TEXAS

FACT Byron Nelson outlasted Ben Hogan in a nine-hole playoff to win a caddie tournament at Glen Garden Country Club in 1927.

BEST ACTIVE Jordan Spieth has three majors and 11 PGA Tour wins at age 25.

1 (1) WHISPERING PINES G.C. Trinity

2 (2) DALLAS NATIONAL G.C.

3 (3) BLUEJACK NATIONAL Montgomery

4 (5) COLONIAL C.C. Fort Worth

5 (4) PRESTON TRAIL G.C. Dallas

6 (nr) TRINITY FOREST G.C. Dallas

7 (6) SPANISH OAKS G.C. Bee Cave

8 (9) MIRAMONT C.C. Bryan

9 (22) AUSTIN G.C. Spicewood

10 (10) CHAMPIONS G.C. (CYPRESS CREEK) Houston

11 (7) the club at carlton woods (nicklaus) The Woodlands

12 (11) THE CLUBS OF CORDILLERA RANCH Boerne

13 (8) THE CLUB AT CARLTON WOODS (FAZIO) The Woodlands

14 (13) SUMMIT ROCK G.C. Horseshoe Bay

15 (15) AUSTIN C.C.

UTAH

FACT Utah native George Von Elm defeated Bobby Jones in the final of the 1926 U.S. Amateur after Jones had won the U.S. Open and Open Championship earlier that year.

BEST ACTIVE Ryder Cupper Tony Finau was born in Salt Lake City, lives in Lehi, and is coached by Utahan Boyd Summerhays.

1 (1) GLENWILD G.C. Park City

2 (2) VICTORY RANCH Kamas

3 (4) RED LEDGES G.C. Heber City

4 (3) TALISKER CLUB AT TUHAYE Park City

5 (6) PROMONTORY C. (PAINTED VALLEY) Park City

VERMONT

FACT Abraham Lincoln's son Robert was president of Ekwanok C.C. from 1904-'26.

BEST ACTIVE Keegan Bradley grew up a ski racer in Woodstock, then won in his major debut, at the 2011 PGA Championship.

1 (1) EKWANOK C.C. Manchester

2 (2) C.C. OF VERMONT Waterbury Center

3 (3) THE QUECHEE CLUB (HIGHLAND) Quechee

4 (4) DORSET FIELD CLUB

5 (5) VERMONT NATIONAL C.C.

South Burlington

VIRGINIA

FACT The Old Course at the Homestead opened as six holes in 1892, and its first tee is the oldest continuously used in the country.

BEST ACTIVE Walker Cupper and two-time state am champ Billy Hurley III served as a Navy officer before winning on the PGA Tour.

1 (1) KINLOCH G.C. Manakin-Sabot

2 (2) THE OLDE FARM Bristol

3 (3) ROBERT TRENT JONES G.C.

Gainesville

4 (4) OMNI HOMESTEAD RESORT (CASCADES)

Hot Springs ≍ ^

5 (5) THE HIGHLAND CSE. AT PRIMLAND Meadows of Dan ^

6 (7) BALLYHACK G.C. Roanoke

7 (6) TRUMP NATIONAL G.C. WASHINGTON D.C. (CHAMPIONSHIP) Potomac Falls

8 (12) GOLDEN HORSESHOE G.C. (GOLD) Williamsburg ^

9 (8) THE VIRGINIAN G.C. Bristol

10 (13) THE CLUB AT CREIGHTON FARMS Aldie

WASHINGTON

FACT John Bodenhamer, who replaced Mike Davis as the U.S. Open course setup man, is a former state am and junior champ. BEST ACTIVE Hall of Famer and Masters champ Fred Couples was born to a groundskeeper for the Seattle Parks Department and learned to play on Jefferson Park golf course.

1 (1) SAHALEE C.C. (SOUTH/NORTH) Sammamish

2 (2) CHAMBERS BAY University Place ^

3 (3) ALDARRA G.C. Sammamish

4 (4) GAMBLE SANDS Brewster ^

5 (5) TUMBLE CREEK CLUB AT SUNCADIA Cle Elum

WEST VIRGINIA

FACT The Greenbrier Resort served as a hospital during the Civil War and World War II and housed a secret 112,000-square-foot bunker commissioned by Dwight Eisenhower.

BEST ACTIVE Born in Welch, Darrell Kestner has competed in majors across five decades, most recently the 2012 PGA.

1 (1) PIKEWOOD NATIONAL G.C.

Morgantown

2 (2) PETE DYE G.C. Bridgeport

3 (3) THE GREENBRIER (OLD WHITE TPC) White Sulphur Springs ^

4 (4) THE GREENBRIER SPORTING CLUB (THE SNEAD) White Sulphur Springs

5 (5) THE RESORT AT GLADE SPRINGS (COBB) Daniels ^

WISCONSIN

FACT The state has hosted four men's majors since 2001, eclipsed only by New York, which has hosted eight in that time.

BEST ACTIVE A 12-time PGA Tour winner, Steve Stricker has amassed nearly $44 million in career earnings. He'll captain Team USA in the Ryder Cup at Whistling Straits in 2020.

1 (1) WHISTLING STRAITS (STRAITS)

Haven ^

2 (2) ERIN HILLS G. CSE. Erin ^

3 (3) MILWAUKEE C.C. River Hills

4 (4) BLACKWOLF RUN (RIVER) Kohler ^

5 (nr) Sand Valley Nekoosa ^

6 (nr) Mammoth Dunes Nekoosa ^

7 (6) WHISTLING STRAITS (IRISH) Haven ^

8 (5) SENTRYWORLD G. CSE. Stevens Point ^

9 (7) BLUE MOUND G. & C.C. Wauwatosa

10 (9) BLACKWOLF RUN (meadow valleys) Kohler ^

WYOMING

FACT From Sheridan, Wally Goodwin won the state am twice before going on to coach Tiger Woods at Stanford University. BEST ACTIVE A retired coal miner who guides hunting trips, John Hornbeck competed in the 2016 U.S. Senior Open and has made match play in several U.S. Senior Ams.

1 (2) SHOOTING STAR G.C. Teton Village

2 (1) SNAKE RIVER SPORTING CLUB Jackson

3 (3) 3 CREEK RANCH G.C. Jackson

4 (4) JACKSON HOLE G. & TENNIS CLUB Jackson

5 (5) TETON PINES RESORT G.C. Wilson ^

no. 1 in colorado The second hole at Tom Doak's Ballyneal, which has risen in America's 100 Greatest in each of its five appearances and is now at No. 46.

NOTE: For the complete listings and for the Best in Canada list, visit GolfDigest.com/go/100greatest.

REPORTING and STATE ITEMS by Joel Beall, Stephen Hennessey, Ryan Herrington, Hally Leadbetter, Keely Levins, Christopher Powers, Nicole Rae, Claire Rogers, Brittany Romano and Sam Weinman.