2013 Green Star Awards

The Eagles Have Landed

Feathered friends are just one reason Bear Trace at Harrison Bay is our latest Green Star award winner

Bear Trace at Harrison Bay golf course  in Harrison, Tenn.


In 2009, Golf Digest instituted the Green Star Awards to recognize golf facilities that demonstrate the best in sustainable, efficient and innovative environmental practices that every golf facility could emulate. Working with James Moore (director of the USGA Green Section's Education Program) and a panel of judges, we sought a comprehensive environmental program that included: (1) water use and conservation; (2) energy use and conservation; (3) waste disposal; (4) pest and disease management; (5) wildlife promotion; and (6) contribution to the local environment and community. Initially, the Green Star Awards focused on American golf resorts. In 2013, we expanded the award to consider public and daily-fee courses. In 2014, we will expand it again, to include private courses within the United States. To nominate a course, contact us at editors@golfdigest.com. Our previous Green Star winners:
2009: Barton Creek Resort & Spa (Austin), Kiawah Island (S.C.) Resort, Pebble Beach Resorts and Sunriver (Ore.) Resort.
2010: Madden's on Gull Lake, Brainerd, Minn.
2011: Barona Resort & Casino, Lakeside, Calif.
2012: Bandon (Ore.) Dunes Golf Resort.
November 2013

The loblolly pine stands by itself, closest to the back-right corner of the 10th green on Bear Trace at Harrison Bay golf course in Harrison, Tenn. It's a magnificent specimen, at least 130 feet tall, its massive trunk rising at least 80 feet before extending any branches. It looks impossible to climb, yet in December 2011, park ranger Angelo Giansante, a former Army Ranger—from the looks of it, still Ranger-ready—looped a rope over a high branch and hoisted himself up the tree, nearly to the top, not once but several times, towing cameras, wires, cable and other paraphernalia.

His objective was to install two high-definition cameras, painted in camouflage, one above and one next to a massive nest established the previous winter by a pair of reclusive American bald eagles. The nest was four feet thick and eight feet wide, intricately constructed by the eagles from woven limbs and branches. It took Giansante, careful not to disturb the nest in any way, two days to complete the task. Back on the ground, he accepted the thanks of Paul L. Carter, the certified golf-course superintendent at Harrison Bay, who had conceived the idea and arranged funding through donations from Friends of Harrison Bay State Park, the United States Golf Association's Green Section and others.

Dec. 5, 2011, marked the debut of the Harrison Bay Eagle Cam (harrisonbayeagle cam.org), a 24-hour Web feed that allows people to watch baby eagles hatch and grow. In its first year, more than 50,000 separate viewers from 37 countries logged on.

"One of the biggest stamps of approval of our environmental programs," says Carter, "is that these eagles would feel our golf course is a safe and suitable location to raise a family."

The eagle cam is not the only reason that Golf Digest is presenting its 2013 Green Star Award for Outstanding Environmental Practices to Bear Trace at Harrison Bay. What caught our eye is the versatility of this state-park golf course on the Chickamauga Reservoir, about 20 miles northeast of Chattanooga. Besides being a broadcast studio and a playground for any golfer willing to pay its reasonable green fee of $48 weekdays, $58 weekends (including cart), it's a classroom, a laboratory, a forest preserve, a nature walk, a role model and a soapbox.

One might say it's also a phoenix risen from the ashes. Soon after the Jack Nicklaus Signature Design opened in May 1999, turf conditions were suspect. Fairways were Bermuda, hastily sprigged atop bluegrass that hadn't grown during construction. Greens were bent grass, not unusual for Chattanooga, but labor- and chemical-intensive and probably impractical on a public course. Surrounding both was rough of a bluegrass-fescue mix, not normally used in a hot, humid climate. The operator at the time (a management company that developed four Bear Trace courses before forfeiting its lease agreements and turning the courses over to the state) wanted weed-free, totally green perfection, so everything was heavily fertilized, sprayed, irrigated and mowed. To cover the costs, green fees were nearly $80. Rounds didn't meet expectations, budgets were slashed, and conditions became worse.

When Carter arrived in its third season, he found the greens in poor shape and the rough burned out. He soon converted the putting surfaces to Champion ultradwarf Bermuda, only the second course in the area to use what is now the most popular greens turfgrass across the South. (See "The South's Gonna Rise Again," Golf Digest, August 2011) The benefits were environmental and financial: "We've reduced our fungicide applications from over $39,000 to around $8,500 annually," Carter says. "We've reduced the amount of irrigation to the greens by over one million gallons annually and have had zero overtime hours needed to syringe greens on hot afternoons."

With the help of the golf-shop staff, Carter identified 50 acres of out-of-play areas on the course that he switched to unmaintained native grasses. Carter estimates the unmowed grasses save nearly 7.4 million gallons of irrigation water, 400 gallons of fuel and 291 man-hours per year. The areas also serve as wildlife habitat and movement corridors for deer, raccoon, bobcat, turkey and countless birds and rodents.

Eagles at Bear Trace
The bald eagles returned to a nest on the 10th hole.

The latest initiative is the use of state-of-the-art electric equipment. Using an alternative-fuel-sources grant from the Tennessee Valley Authority (funded through the Office of Sustainable Practices, a division of the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation), 18 gasoline-powered pieces of equipment were replaced with electric ones. Carter still has to mow fairways with diesel equipment because electric fairway mowers are still in development. (He has agreed to beta-test the first models.) All other aspects of course maintenance are now handled by quiet, pollution-free equipment. That, too, is a money-saver. Carter estimates that this year the course will save 12,000 gallons of gasoline, reduce operational costs by $30,000 (otherwise spent on oil and hydraulic maintenance) and eliminate more than half a million point-source pounds of carbon-dioxide emissions. The costs of recharging batteries is half that of fuel, so he figures the greens mowers will pay for themselves in less than four years. His next goal is to establish a solar-panel array so the course can generate electricity and be fully off the grid.

Carter maintains the course with just seven full-time employees (including himself) on a shoestring budget of $385,000. Yet Bear Trace at Harrison Bay is a gorgeous, well-maintained daily-fee showcase. The lay-of-the-land Nicklaus design is surprisingly low-key, with just 42 bunkers and open approaches into the pure if not flawless greens. Every hole is tree-lined and, being within a state park, serene, with no homesites. Eleven holes touch the shoreline of the reservoir. Carter, working with the TVA and the Army Corps of Engineers, established buffer zones of vegetation to prevent any chemical seepage into the water. Testing has proved the course does not pollute the lake.

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