60th Anniversary

Game Changers

Continued (page 2 of 2)

Robert Trent Jones and Dick Wilson started a postwar revolution in golf design with long tees and lots of water.

Dunes Golf and Beach Club, SC

1949: DUNES GOLF AND BEACH CLUB: Its par-5 13th, a boomerang around a lake, encapsulates the Trent Jones brand of heroic, dramatic architecture.
Photo: Courtesy Of Dunes Golf & Beach Club

1941: Normandy Shores G.C., FL
1945: IBM C.C., Poughkeepsie, NY
1947: Lakewood G.C., AL
1947: West Palm Beach C.C.
1948: Clearview G.C., OH
1948: Northwood Club, TX
1948: Peachtree G.C., GA
1948: Raleigh C.C., NC
1949: Dunes Golf and Beach Club, SC
1949: Rancho Park, CA

The revolution becomes an arms race when Surprenant National (now the Pines Course at The International) debuts at more than 8,000 yards.
1950: DuPont C.C., DE
1952: Desert Inn C.C., NV
1954: NCR C.C., OH
1955: Old Warson C.C., MO
1957: Champions G.C., TX
1957: Torrey Pines G. Cse., CA
1958: Point O' Woods G. & C.C., MI
1958: Surprenant National G.C., MA
1959: Firestone C.C. (South), OH
1959: Laurel Valley G.C., PA

Pete Dye goes from unknown to extremist, placing pot bunkers and railroad ties in front of tiny greens.
1960: Bellerive C.C., MO
1961: Doral C.C., FL
1962: Hazeltine National G.C., MN
1962: Pine Tree G.C., FL
1963: The Concord, NY
1963: Crooked Stick G.C., IN
1965: Cog Hill G. & C.C., IL
1966: Spyglass Hill G. Cse., CA
1967: The Golf Club, OH
1969: Harbour Town G. Links, SC

Marquee designers dominate: Dye, Jack Nicklaus, George Fazio and Trent Jones' sons Bobby and Rees, eager and willingly; Ben Hogan, not so much.
1970: Disney World G.C., FL
1970: Jupiter Hills Club, FL
1970: Mission Hills C.C., CA
1972: Princeville (Makai), HI
1973: Butler National G.C., IL
1974: Muirfield Village G.C., OH
1975: Trophy Club, TX
1976: Oak Tree G.C., OK
1979: Industry Hills G.C., CA
1979: Kemper Lakes G.C., IL

With the advent of Slope Rating, everyone wants to own the nation's toughest course.

Desert Mountain Club

1986: DESERT MOUNTAIN CLUB (RENEGADE): Five tee boxes and two flag locations per hole, and multiple avenues of play: Still the most versatile design in America.
Photo: J.D. Cuban

1980: TPC Sawgrass, FL
1980: Wild Dunes G. Links, SC
1981: Castle Pines G.C., CO
Desert Highlands G.C., AZ
1984: Grand Cypress G.C., FL
1986: Desert Mountain Club (Renegade), AZ
1986: PGA West (Stadium), CA
1987: Black Diamond, FL
1987: The Links at Spanish Bay, CA
1989: Shadow Creek, NV

With money flowing from new sources (like pension funds), architects tackled previously hostile locales, and everyone played Can-You-Top-This?

Old Works Golf Course

1997: OLD WORKS GOLF COURSE: It took a golf course to rectify the landscape that a mining operation had despoiled, a harbinger of golf's future role.
Photo: Stephen Szurlej

1990: The Ocean Cse., SC
1990: Troon North G.C., AZ
1992: Robert Trent Jones G. Trail, AL
1993: World Woods G.C., FL
1995: Sand Hills G.C., NE
1996: Royal New Kent, VA
1997: Old Works G. Cse., MT
1997: Sanctuary G.C., CO
1998: Whistling Straits, WI
1999: Bandon Dunes, OR

Old School advocates bring the game back down to earth, with more playing options and firm, fast conditions.

Chambers Bay

2007: CHAMBERS BAY: This dry, firm, windswept, nearly treeless man-made links hard against Puget Sound, is already the designated site for the 2015 U.S. Open, as well as the 2010.
Photo: Joey Terrill

2001: Kinloch G.C., VA
2001: Pacific Dunes, OR
2002: Friar's Head G.C., NY
2002: Old Collier G.C., FL
2003: The Quarry at Giants Ridge, MN
2006: Ballyneal G. & Hunt C., CO
2006: *Erin Hills, WI
2006: Sebonack G.C., NY
2007: Chambers Bay, WA
2008: Pete Dye Cse. at French Lick, IN

* Full disclosure: Co-designed by Michael Hurdzan, Dana Fry and Ron Whitten

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