- HARDPAN LIE
Recognizable by its burned-out look, hardpan is either dead or dormant grass that feels firm under your feet.
EXPECT: The sole of your club is more likely to carom off the turf, making center-face contact difficult. Even when you make a good strike, many times you won't feel like you hit the ball solidly, because the sensation of hitting the hard ground reverberates up the clubshaft.
TIP: Play the ball slightly farther back in your stance than normal, and consider going with British Open-style shots (knockdowns, bump-and-runs, etc.). Also, use a wedge with very little bounce around the greens. Flop shots are not recommended.